Brownfields – Creosote Piling Guidance Elizabeth Riverfront / Harbor Park Area Brownfields Redevelopment Project Norfolk, VA

There is no regulatory requirement in Virginia to remove existing pilings. In conjunction with waterfront brownfields redevelopment projects, the authors discuss four primary considerations which should be made before beginning a piling removal project.

Brownfields projects on shorelines are assessed on a case-by-case basis due to the variability of each site. The authors include a matrix which can provide a starting point and general guidelines for deciding what to do with pilings.


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About the Authors: With no current regulations or guidance for creosote-treated lumber prevalent on the East Coast, the authors dove into research in order to provide guidance for the City of Norfolk. The co-authors live and work in Hampton Roads.

Morgan Whayland serves as a Special Assistant to the City Manager in Norfolk’s City Manager’s Office of Resilience. As a critical member of the Resilience Team, Morgan is managing the implementation of Federal and State funded Brownfields grants, which will drive the redevelopment of the Harbor Park area of the city. Norfolk is a historic city on the water. For 400 years, the city has been a key part of America’s history, commerce, and innovations. Norfolk’s resilience strategy is driven be three key goals: design the coastal community of the future; create economic opportunity by advancing efforts to grow existing and new industry sections; and advance initiatives to connect communities, deconcentrate poverty, and strengthen neighborhoods.

Alexis Holcomb has five years of experience in the environmental consulting profession. Her expertise includes environmental due diligence (Phase I and Phase II) environmental site assessment (ESAs), wetland delineations and evaluations, joint permitting applications (JPAs), and soil and groundwater sampling. Her work on numerous due diligence assessments from residential, commercial, and industrial properties led her to review environmental investigations at the Harbor Park Area for the City of Norfolk.