SCS Engineers Organics Management

Organics Management, Composting

National Expert: Greg McCarron

 

There is high interest in organic materials management – composting – anaerobic digestion, which is being driven by emerging state regulations for diversion of organics from disposal facilities. SCS Engineers helps communities evaluate their waste streams and the applicability of established and emerging technologies to their specific communities and circumstances.

The organic fraction of the municipal waste stream, which includes food scraps, yard waste, wood waste, and mixed paper is about 30 to 40 percent by weight. Many communities in recent years have been evaluating options for handling organics beyond the traditional approach of just supplying information about the benefits of backyard composting and leaf composting. Many state and local governments have begun promulgating policies and regulations that target the recycling of organics. This has prompted local solid waste agencies to develop municipal curbside collection programs. Once collected, organic waste can be composted or processed in an anaerobic digester.

There are two basic designs for windrow compost facilities. In the “turned windrow” approach, aeration is supplied by mixing or turning the windrow. In the “aerated static pile” approach, the piles are not moved. Pipes are installed at the bottom of the piles, which are then attached to blowers that introduce air into the piles to improve decomposition.

In-vessel composting systems are a higher technology approach, consisting of different proprietary systems that usually involve mechanical agitation and forced aeration, and may be enclosed in a building. These systems are the most capital intensive and result in the greatest level of process and odor control, as well as the shortest composting time required.

Anaerobic digestion (AD) involves decomposition of organic waste in an oxygen-deficient atmosphere, which results in the production of methane-rich biogas. Digestate is the solid material that remains after digestion, which is then composted or is disposed. The biogas is typically used in a boiler to produce thermal energy or in an engine to produce electricity. AD projects are generally classified as high solids (dry) or low solids (wet).

High solids/dry systems are applicable for food and yard waste. Dry systems for food and yard waste generally use tunnels, which are gas-tight, concrete, garage-like chambers and are loaded using front-end loaders. Low solids/wet systems are applicable for manure, sludges, and liquid industrial waste. Wet systems generally use vessels, which are mixed and are fed using pumps.

SCS has been focusing on the organics materials management sector and has a staff devoted to staying current with the latest trends and technologies. SCS can evaluate and provide unbiased analyses on the approaches and technologies so that municipal officials can make informed decisions for their communities. Some of SCS’s recent projects in this field are shown at the right.

SCS Engineers provides individualized Organics Management services as well as turn-key solutions. Our services include the following:

Program Planning and Development

    • Regulation Review
    • Program Planning
    • Zero Waste Planning
    • Evaluation of Public-Private Partnership Planning
    • Development of Waste Diversion Programs
    • Organic Waste Collection
    • Greenhouse Gas Inventory Studies
    • Sustainability Plans
    • Solid Waste Management Plans

Design and Permitting

    • Composting Systems:  open windrow; aerated static piles; in-vessel
    • Anaerobic Systems:  wet and dry digesters; landfill pods; biogas treatment
    • Biogas-to-Energy:  engines, turbines, boilers, CNG
    • Technical assessment of design
    • Siting studies
    • Solid waste permits
    • Air permits

Construction

    • Civil/Site
    • Mechanical
    • Composting Systems:  open windrow; aerated static piles; in-vessel
    • Anaerobic Systems:  wet and dry digesters; landfill pods; biogas treatment
    • Biogas-to-Energy:  engines, turbines, boilers, CNG

Operations, Monitoring and Sales

    • Compost Operations:  mixing, turning and screening
    • Temperature and moisture monitoring
    • Noise, dust, and odor monitoring
    • Tracer odor monitoring and studies
    • Marketing and sales of compost products
    • Biogas power plants and processing facilities

Financial and Economic Analysis

    • Feasibility studies
    • Rate analysis
    • Cost of service studies
    • Cost, financial, and economic analysis
    • Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) and alternative rate programs
    • Development of LOI/RFQ/RFP/Bid documents
    • Assistance with grant funding applications
    • Customer billing and service reviews

Related Services

    • Development of public education Programs
    • Facilitation of public meetings
    • Public opinion surveys
    • Business waste audits
    • Waste characterization programs
    • Benchmarking surveys of service and fees
    • Regulatory reporting

We believe our reputation is best described by our association with clients who choose SCS Engineers over other environmental engineering firms. SCS evaluates and provides unbiased analyses on approaches and technologies to help officials make informed decisions for their communities.

The following are projects are select examples of our wide range of Organics Materials Management experience using yard trimmings and/or food scraps as the feedstocks and the resulting products are compost or energy:

  • Conducted a commercial waste audit of food scraps for Hamilton County, Ohio
  • Designed an anaerobic digestion system to convert food scrap into electrical energy using fuel cells and microturbines for three clients in Korea
  • Composting design for food scraps, bio-solids and yard trimmings for Johnson Controls Inc. in Colorado
  • Design and permitting of open windrow composting of food scraps and yard trimmings for Howard County Bureau of Environmental Services, Maryland
  • Design, permitting, construction of a landfill pod to compost food scraps and yard trimmings for a confidential client
  • Design, permitting, and monitoring of an aerated static pile to compost food scraps and yard trimmings for Waste Connections Inc. in Washington
  • Operations of open windrow composting of food scraps and yard trimmings for Sam White & Sons in Massachusetts
  • Solid Waste Management Plan for in-vessel composting of food scraps in Skagway, Alaska
  • Solid Waste Management Plan for open windrow composting of food scraps and yard trimmings for the Midcoast Council of Governments in Maine
  • Study, design, and permitting of open windrow composting of food scraps and yard trimmings for Prince William County, Virginia

 

Watch the SCS Compost Turner in Action

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