The Groundwater Protection Council is holding its annual conference virtually this year, on September 28-30. SCS will have a “booth” in the virtual expo hall featuring a lot of great information about our deep well injection experience.
Determining precise locations and types of compromises to well casing can be challenging. Monte’s presentation will highlight specific case studies that evaluate various well integrity issues using multi-arm caliper and magnetic resonance logs. It will also provide specific well mitigation methods for remediation that can be used in a variety of well classes.
Click for conference information and to register.
There are many methods and actions businesses, industries, and consumers are taking to mitigate the generation of carbon emissions, such as recycling, composting, and moving to hydrogen-power vehicles, to name a few. There is no one-size-fits-all solution, the answer to cleaner air, water, and soil vary widely and work differently, but all aim to achieve the same goal. We, as environmental engineers, have the benefit of helping our communities and industries move forward using a variety of new technologies that support the lowering of carbon emissions and are sustainable.
SCS Engineers works behind the scene with many clients and thought we’d share some of their new technologies and processes that are expected to help lower greenhouse gases in the future. We kick off this series with Charm Industrial’s new method that captures atmospheric CO₂ in biomass, then converts it to a liquid and injects it into rock formations that have stored crude oil for hundreds of millions of years. While recycling and low emission vehicles lower the generation of CO₂, this one is engineered to extract existing gases and remove them.
SCS Engineers is co-sponsoring a conference on Deep Well Injection that will be presented by the American Ground Water Trust and hosted by The Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department on March 2 and 3 in Miami.
The program is an educational information exchange program from the American Ground Water Trust on disposal wells and will cover the Technical, Economic, Environmental, and Policy Issues of Deep Well Injection. The conference will feature numerous presentations and exhibits, and a field trip the day before. Participants can earn Florida PE Continuing Education credits for this conference.
The objective of the conference is to provide an update on the status of deep well injection disposal in Florida and to showcase the “state-of-the-art” and operation-economics for current users and for potential adopters of the technology. The presentations will include information on disposal policies that are the drivers for DWI installations. Experts will present information about the latest technologies in design, construction, operation, maintenance and monitoring of deep well injection and will include case studies from DWI operations in the US and overseas. The conference will provide a focused information exchange and discussion opportunity among presenters and participants.
The Deep Well Injection Conference in Miami, Florida – March 2-3, 2020, provides focused information exchange and discussion opportunities among presenters and participants. Registration link below.
Deep well injection is the process of safely storing or disposing of liquids deep underground. It involves drilling beneath drinking water aquifers (1,500 to >3,000 feet deep) to trap the liquid waste under multiple impermeable layers of rock. It requires favorable geology, so it is not suitable for all locations and applications.
The treatment and disposal of liquid wastes have become increasingly challenging. Regulations designed to protect surface and groundwater, along with headlines and public concern of drinking water safety create challenges.
In his clear, concise presentation, Monte Markley discusses the upcoming opportunities and challenges for Class I injection wells across the nation. His presentation includes pore space competition, induced seismicity, and emerging contaminants of concern.
In addition to Monte’s presentation, there’s a field trip to the Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department (South District Wastewater Treatment Plant) on Sunday, March 1 where participants will visit 20 Class I injection wells (17 constructed and 3 are being drilled). The Florida Department of Environmental Quality permits this injection well system that collectively disposes of 25 million gallons of liquid daily.
What Attendees Can Expect
Monte Markley is a registered Professional Geologist in the state of Kansas and SCS Engineers’ National Expert for Deep Well and Underground Injection Control. His project experience includes engineering geology evaluations related to salt caverns, geologic isolation of fluids and compressed gasses, hydrogeological investigations at landfills and quarries, liquids management, regulatory compliance, and permitting, groundwater investigations at superfund and RCRA facilities, and remedial system design.
Understanding the entire range of wastewater management and disposal alternatives can be a daunting task, particularly as increasingly stringent surface water discharge standards take effect or as zero discharge facilities find the management of their waste liquid needs changing over time. Former solutions are no longer options or may be too costly. One alternative that is rapidly gaining traction is deep injection wells.
Deep well injection is a viable leachate management option in many parts of the United States, yet it is often screened out as a possible alternative due to a lack of understanding of the technology or gross misconceptions about its acceptance or applicability. The purpose of the Monte Markley’s paper The Basics of Deep Well Injection as a Leachate Disposal Option is to present the basic technical, economic and regulatory considerations of deep well injection as a technology a facility should evaluate when considering the applicability of geologic sequestration of leachate.
Technical criteria discussed are potential disposal volumes, geologic suitability, chemical compatibility, pre-treatment requirements, and leachate chemistry. The economic considerations are evaluated based on the technical criteria noted above, management of public perception/relations, current leachate management expenditures, the service life of the asset and risk to develop accurate capital, O&M costs, and return on investment. Regulatory considerations include the role of state vs. federal primacy for each state, the general stance of regulatory acceptance in specific areas of the United States, and a discussion of the permitting process and typical reporting requirements.
These key considerations are then integrated into an overall suitability evaluation that an owner can utilize to accurately determine if deep well injection is a viable option and, if so, how to educate other stakeholders and manage the process of implementation as a project moves forward.
About the Author: Monte Markley, PG, SCS Engineers
High-pressure injection of liquids can be challenging in Class I wells where depths exceed 10,000 feet and extreme temperature variations occur between injection and shut-in conditions. Elevated downhole temperatures at these depths create a high-temperature differential between the injectate and annular fluid resulting in significant swings of annulus pressure and surface seal pot volumes. One-way micro tubing leaks at joints have also occurred due to these conditions.
The injectate cools the annular fluid resulting in contraction of the annular liquid and lowering of the seal pot volume, which requires the addition of fluid into the annulus. Once the wells are shut in, annular pressures rise as the annulus fluid is warmed by the native formation fluid, creating an increased pressure differential on the downhole components and increasing the seal pot volume and potentially creating high-pressure situations in the annulus. In addition to the labor-intensive operation of having to add and remove liquid from the annular space, greater downhole pressure differentials may affect long-term integrity of the injection tubing and protective casing.
Maintenance of an annulus pressure that is less than the injection pressure, similar to the operation of more shallow Class I wells, is impractical under the operating scenario for deeper wells. It also creates the potential for fluid migration from the tubing into the annular space in the event of a leak.
Monte Markley, P.G., and Stephanie Hill will present this and more at the 2018 Underground Injection Control (UIC) Conference. The presentation will focus on the design and implementation of an innovative high-pressure annulus monitoring system that mitigates the presence of micro tubing leaks in joints, and pressure and temperature swings of the annulus.