Tag Archives: brownfields

Southeast Brownfields Conference, Orlando, FL

October 27, 2019

The Southeast Brownfields Conference will take place at the DoubleTree Universal in Orlando, Florida, October 27-30.

Be sure to attend SCS Engineers’ PFAS expert, Dr. Viraj deSilva’s presentation on PFAS and Remediation Options (Session 3B, Monday, October 28 at 3:05 pm).

Hundreds of attendees representing federal, state, and local governments, tribes, private industry, consultants, attorneys, and many more, attend this premiere brownfields conference to learn more about local brownfields redevelopment programs. The event will comprise presentations on managing redevelopment initiatives, obtaining project funding, successes and lessons learned, and more. Build your network of colleagues and peers. Learn from others and share your ideas.

Posted by Laura Dorn at 8:00 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

ABA SEER 27th Fall Conference, Boston

September 11, 2019

The American Bar Association’s Section of the Environment, Energy, and Resources (SEER) is hosting its 27th Fall Conference, September 11-14, 2019, at the Westin Copley Place in Boston.

The conference will feature panel discussions and breakout sessions on such timely topics as:

  • The regulatory environment under the current administration
  • Air quality regulations and enforcement
  • Redevelopment of contaminated properties
  • Recent Supreme Court Decisions
  • Planning in an area of climate change
  • The state of CERCLA and EPA reform
  • Major infrastructure projects
  • Climate litigation
  • Environmental insurance
  • Power production
  • The Clean Water Act
  • China’s impact on our environmental and energy laws
  • and much more

The conference will also include numerous social and networking opportunities, including a welcome reception, public service project, and a Leadership Day.

Posted by Laura Dorn at 8:00 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

Brightfields 2019 California

August 5, 2019

Meet SCS professionals Dan Johnson, Dana Wilson, Jim Ritchie, and Wendell Minshew at solar energy development event, “Brightfields 2019 California”,  which will take place August 5 & 6 in Sacramento, CA.

The theme of the conference, hosted by Brownfield Listings and the California Environmental Protection Agency, is “Brightening Brownfields, Landfills & Greenfields with Solar Energy”.  This exciting 2-day event will bring together solar developers, property owners, policy makers and a very large diversity of professionals for illuminating educational sessions, active networking, and live market-making. SCS Engineers is a co-sponsor of this conference.

Anyone may attend this power-packed brightfield marketplace event to hear the freshest industry insights from public and private sector experts, ask technical questions of trained professionals, and make direct connections via the numerous networking opportunities

Brightfields 2019 – California will focus on non-rooftop solar development in the West, California specifically, to help cultivate the region’s brightfield potential. The conference will feature compelling programming to provide basic, need-to-know info required to boot up a brightfield project, as well as tips and best practices to overcome development obstacles and advance more difficult projects.

The elite speaker lineup features some of today’s foremost practitioners, including representatives from regulating and permitting agencies as well as private sector professionals.

The conference is perfect for:

  • Landowners, communities, property managers and anyone seriously interested in the development of solar energy on land (rather than rooftops), especially marginal lands, either in rural or urban areas
  • Solar developers seeking land for purchase or lease;
    Public and private sector professionals working in the solar space
  • Anyone motivated towards utilizing greenfields, greyfields, brownfields, landfills, Superfund sites, and any other unproductive parcel to generate solar power

The conference will feature dual-track educational programming.

For Landowners & Communities topics will include:

  • Municipal solar development
  • How-to’s and success stories
  • Leases, RFPs/RFQs, risk, insurance and deal structure
  • Feasibility & financial viability
  • Brownfield grants & other public brightfield financing
  • Zoning, permits and land use considerations

The Solar Developers & Professionals track will cover:

  • Brightfields & Brownfields 101: Development basics
  • Brightfields 300: Landfills & Superfund
  • Acquiring and developing contaminated properties
  • Risk mitigation and insurance
  • State & federal regulatory regime reviews

Shared topics will include:

  • Technology updates & exhibits
  • Fresh solar market update & forecast
  • National policy update and select state specific briefs

Day 1 will take place at the headquarters of CalEPA, and Day 2 will take place at Tsakapoulos Library Galleria across the plaza.

Posted by Laura Dorn at 7:30 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

Brightfields 2019 – New England

July 23, 2019

Meet SCS Engineers Project Manager, Christine Stokes, who is attending BRIGHTFIELDS 2019 – NEW ENGLAND — a solar energy development event about powering up greenfields, brownfields and landfills.   The conference is hosted by Brownfield Listings, and will take place at The Falls Event Center in Manchester, New Hampshire, on July 23, 2019.

Brightfields 2019 – New England will address issues important to:

  • Landowners, property managers and communities interested in the development of solar energy on their land (rather than rooftops)
  • Solar developers seeking land for purchase or lease
  • Public and private sector professionals working in the solar space
  • Anyone motivated towards developing greenfields, greyfields, brownfields, landfills and Superfund sites into solar power generating assets
  • Anyone seeking to learn more about the application of solar power production onto the land.

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
The conference will also feature 1-on-1 help and Q&A sessions by EPA & TAB experts on all aspects of brightfield development.

In addition to educational sessions, a plenary luncheon, exhibits, and a mixer, the conference will feature networking opportunities at breakfast and at the post conference reception.

The conference is hosted in collaboration with New Hampshire’s Regional Planning Commissions, and New Jersey’s Science & Technology University (NJIT).

Posted by Laura Dorn at 7:30 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

Urban Land Institute (ULI) Florida Summit

June 13, 2019

The Urban Land Institute is holding its 2019 Florida Summit on June 13 & 14 at the Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center in Kissimmee, Florida (near Orlando).

The annual ULI Florida Summit connects the top real estate professionals from throughout the state, including developers, attorneys, engineers, architects, and land use planners, from both the private and public sector. From keynote addresses to conference sessions, the 2019 Summit will focus on today’s changing markets, trends, and opportunities, and feature leading industry professionals. More than 700 ULI members and non-members who are interested in the progress and prosperity of our state convene at the annual statewide Summit. It is hosted and produced jointly by the five ULI District Councils of Florida.

Posted by Laura Dorn at 8:00 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

CCLR 4th Annual NYS Redevelopment Summit: Pathways To Revitalization

June 11, 2019

The Center for Creative Land Recycling is hosting their 4th Annual New York State Redevelopment Summit at The Armory at Sage College in Albany, NY, on June 11-12.

SCS professional Christine Stokes will be in attendance.

This year’s conference theme is “Pathways to Revitalization” and it will bring together redevelopment professionals and practitioners for comprehensive learning and extensive networking focused on solving challenges and creating opportunities for economic revitalization through land reuse.

From big-picture trends to policy and funding specifics, the summit will bring together distinguished speakers to discuss:

  • Opportunity Zones: How they work and their potential to spark revitalization
  • Accessing state and federal resources and leveraging private investment
  • Positioning properties to maximize market appeal
  • Developments in remedial approaches and technologies
  • Creating private-public partnerships
  • Best practices to apply back home
  • and much more!

Posted by Laura Dorn at 12:00 pm
Tag Archives: brownfields

BCONE 10th Northeast Sustainable Communities Workshop

June 4, 2019

SCS Engineers professional Christine Stokes will attend the Brownfield Coalition of the Northeast’s (BCONE) 10th Northeast Sustainable Communities Workshop at the New Jersey Institute of Technology in Newark on June 4, 2019.

The goal of the workshop is to break new ground and offer new ideas and concepts on the topics of sustainability, collaboration and leverage, contamination, resiliency, redevelopment challenges, technology, and their impact on community revitalization. The event is attended by representatives from government, higher education, professional organizations, and laboratories, as well as attorneys, developers, contractors, and consultants.

Posted by Laura Dorn at 7:45 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

Meet Marc Lefebvre of SCS Engineers

May 17, 2019

“Marc’s the kind of engineer SCS wants on the front lines; he’s solved some of the toughest environmental challenges in our nation,” states Myles Clewner, SCS Vice President in the firm’s southeastern region. “Our clients, our regulatory agencies, and our citizens trust him to fix legacy issues and design treatment systems that continue to keep our environment safe.”

Mr. Lefebvre, a Professional Engineer in nine states recently joined the SCS Environmental Services team. He brings over three decades of experience as an environmental engineer and consultant specializing in soil and water remediation services for both government and business sectors.

Mr. Lefebvre manages remedial action plans, multi-media contamination assessments, industrial wastewater treatability studies and treatment system designs for SCS’s clients. He serves as an expert witness as well. He has designed and managed industrial wastewater treatment systems for the pharmaceutical industry; successfully remediated groundwater at petroleum Superfund sites; restored soil and groundwater at several RCRA sites; and was the Engineer of Record for a South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) project to protect the Everglades National Park.

Welcome to SCS!

Learn more about SCS Engineers work:

 

 

 

 

Posted by Diane Samuels at 6:00 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

USEPA Encourages IRS to Clarify Proposed Opportunity Zone Regulations

April 16, 2019

In a letter dated December 18, 2018, Patricia Overmeyer, Deputy Director, Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization at the USEPA encouraged the IRS to clarify the proposed opportunity zone regulations (REG-115420-18). She reminded the IRS that investments in the assessment, remediation, and redevelopment of brownfields properties in qualified opportunity zones (QOZ) are included within the scope of qualified opportunity funds (QOF).

Her goal is to give Opportunity Fund investors confidence that QOF investments can be used to assess, remediate, and redevelop brownfields properties located in QOZs. Subsequently, these clarifications may lead to the economic revitalization of many of our nation’s disadvantaged communities.

The public comment period for these regulations expired on December 28, 2018. The public hearing was held on February 14, 2019; participants requested additional guidance on a wide variety of proposed regulations, with many suggesting improvements to the regulations allowing for more flexibility in regards to business investment.

FULL TEXT

December 18, 2018

Kirsten B. Wielobob
Deputy Commissioner for Services and Enforcement
CC:PA:LPD:PR (REG-115420-18), Room 5203
Internal Revenue Service
PO Box 7604
Ben Franklin Station
Washington, DC 20044

 

Subject: U.S. EPA Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization Seeks Regulatory Clarifications and Improvements to Proposed IRS Rule Regarding “Investing in Opportunity Funds,” REG-115420-18

Dear Ms. Wielobob:

On behalf of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization (OBLR), thank you for the opportunity to comment on the Department of Treasury’s Proposed Regulations §1400Z-2(a)-1, 2(c)-1, 2(d)-1, 2(e)-1 and Revenue Ruling 2018-29, regarding “Investing in Opportunity Funds.” EPA’s OBLR encourages the IRS to clarify and improve the proposed rule to better foster investment in blighted and contaminated properties, or “brownfield sites,” in designated Opportunity Zones.

The “Investing in Opportunity Act” has the potential to spur investment in communities where neighborhoods have long been plagued by concentrated distress and those left behind by the economic recovery following the Recession. Many of these communities struggle with stagnation and lack of access to capital, in part due to the challenges of remediating and redeveloping their brownfield sites. A brownfield is a property where the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant from the property’s former use complicates or inhibits the property’s expansion, redevelopment, or productive reuse. Brownfield sites often stigmatize neighborhoods and perpetuate blight and socio-economic distress.

EPA’s OBLR encourages the IRS to clarify in the final guidance that investments in the assessment, remediation, and redevelopment of brownfields properties located in Qualified Opportunity Zones (QOZs) are included within the scope of Qualified Opportunity Funds (QOFs). This clarification will provide an incentive to invest funds in the assessment, remediation, and reuse of brownfield properties. Assessing, remediating and redeveloping brownfield sites in QOZs is integral to the primary purpose of the Investing in Opportunity Act provisions1 because:

  • Brownfields remediation is often the first step to spurring revitalization within distressed communities. In low-income areas which have often suffered a long history of noxious land uses, illegal dumping, closed industry facilities, and lack of health and safety enforcement, federal incentives for revitalization should prioritize ensuring that areas with blighted, underutilized and/or contaminated properties are safe and prepared for redevelopment as the first step towards renewal.
  • Public health and environmental protection are matters of primary concern to distressed communities. Hazardous materials and other contamination on brownfield sites are associated with poor health outcomes (e.g. cancer, respiratory disease, diabetes, stroke, heart disease, injury) and higher mortality rates among infants and adults. Creating incentives to invest in remediation of brownfields will promote economic development and better health outcomes, saving costs and enabling a more productive workforce.
  • Brownfields properties are overwhelmingly concentrated in places of people of color, low-income populations, and otherwise marginalized communities, which are heavily represented among the QOZs. Recently, EPA’s OBLR conducted an analysis recently which found substantial overlap of known brownfield properties within designated QOZ census tracts. The IRS regulations should create incentives for investment in brownfield sites in order to help overcome stagnation, social inequity, and environmental justice concerns within the QOZs, as these factors create barriers to revitalization.
  • Brownfield redevelopment can transform abandoned and underused sites into community and economic assets such as mixed-use developments, housing, and other productive reuses, without contributing to urban sprawl. Further, brownfield properties are often centrally located in areas where transportation and utility infrastructure are already available, which can make them valuable properties for development.
  • Brownfields remediation and redevelopment can take significant time, beyond the development timeframes expected at greenfield projects or at properties with little or no contamination. A successful brownfields redevelopment usually involves environmental assessment and investigations, the development of remedial cleanup plans, coordination with neighborhood stakeholders to ensure that cleanup is protective of public health, and substantial involvement in regulatory approvals, often including approval and inspections of the remediation by state officials through what are typically called “Voluntary Cleanup Programs” established in state environmental agencies — all before the vertical development can occur. Thus, the time limitations proposed by IRS in the proposed regulations must be sensitive to the long timeframes often needed to address contamination issues at brownfield sites.

Clarification Requests and Comments:

EPA’s OBLR requests that the IRS make the following clarifications to the proposed guidelines. These clarifications will give Opportunity Fund investors confidence that QOF investment can be used to assess, clean up, and redevelop brownfields properties located in QOZs.

  1. Brownfields Cleanup of Real Property Should Constitute “Original Use”

EPA’s OBLR requests that the IRS clarify the definition of “Original Use” so that the term applies to property that is a brownfield site as defined by section 101(39) of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601), which is the law that establishes the U.S. EPA brownfields program and guides brownfields considerations by many other federal departments and agencies. The IRS has used this definition of “brownfield” as well, under 26 U.S.C. Section 198(c), which permitted certain treatment of expenditures on “qualified environmental remediation” at a “qualified remediation site”, which was defined as “any area . . . at or on which there has been a release (or threat of release) or disposal of any hazardous substance.”

While most new investments assume that a property already meets applicable health and safety standards, brownfields properties are different in that they are complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

  • Investment to assess and remediate environmental conditions at brownfield properties are required to make these properties financeable and developable.
  • Essentially, all lenders and investors require environmental investigation and cleanup for properties which are brownfields to ensure they are safe for redevelopment.
    • Brownfields remediation can make previously unsuitable properties ready for investment by making them meet basic safety standards and safe for human health and the environment.
    • Making previously unsuitable properties located in QOZs ready for investment enables properties to “commence use” within the QOZ.

Defining “Original Use” to incorporate brownfields properties located in QOZs creates the best solution to enabling QOF investments in brownfields remediation and redevelopment. This clarification will address the concern that the 30-month window for substantial improvement is unrealistic for brownfields properties, which take longer than traditional vertical development projects due to the added challenges of contamination.

Example: A brownfields remediation firm purchases a contaminated brownfields property in a QOZ, where a former factory was once located, to remediate the land and sell the property for new use. This brownfield property should qualify as QOZ property under “original use.

  1. Cleanup or Reuse of Vacant or Underutilized Property Should Constitute an “Original Use”: EPA’s OBLR requests that the IRS clarify the definition of “Original Use” so that the term applies to property that is vacant or underutilized for a period of one year or more. For purposes of Section 1400Z-2(d)(2)(D)(i), if property is vacant or underutilized for at least a one-year period, use prior to that period should be disregarded for purposes of determining original use. This borrows from the commonsense definition of “original use” for Enterprise Zone facility bonds in 26 CFR 1.1394-1 (h) and adds “underutilized.”

“Underutilized” could be defined as it is in other federal statute, such as the definition of “underutilized” in 45 CFR 12a.1 (which defines underutilized as it relates to property owned by federal agencies), stating that ” underutilized” should mean an entire property or portion thereof, with or without improvements which is used only at irregular periods or intermittently by the owner or operator for purposes of that owner or operator, or which is used for current purposes that can be satisfied with only a portion of the property.

The definition of original use should also permit QOZ investment in properties that contribute to blight or create barriers to economic vibrancy due to prolonged vacancy or underutilization. Defining original use to include new use of properties that are contributing to decay within distressed communities is clearly in line with the purpose of the incentive

Example: A developer purchases a property to rehabilitate for new use. The property has a factory on it that has been vacant for more than one year. Regardless of whether that property is reused for a similar manufacturing purpose, a new manufacturing purpose, or a different kind of development (such as commercial or residential), this property should qualify as QOZ Property under “original use.” The same should apply for a property that has a 5-acre factory on it where only 0.5 acres of space are currently in use.

  1. Foreclosed and Tax-Reverted Properties Held by Local Units of Government Should be Treated as “Underutilized or Abandoned Property”:EPA’ s OBLR requests that the IRS clarify that any property that has been foreclosed upon and reverted to a local unit of government or land bank should qualify as “vacant and underutilized” regardless of how long it has been vacant, abandoned or underutilized.

Local units of government often acquire brownfields and other blighted properties through tax delinquency, abandonment, bankruptcy, etc. A bright line test around the status of ownership for properties in foreclosure, receivership, or involuntary transfer may be easier to determine than the historical use of the property and expedite investment in assembled properties, particularly in distressed urban areas.

  1. Brownfield Investments Should Count Toward Substantial Improvement: EPA’s OBLR requests that the IRS clarify that improvements to land, including brownfields assessment, cleanup and other site preparation costs, are included as expenses that will meet the “Substantial Improvement” test for a QOZ Property. This aligns with the standard definition of “tangible property” (“land plus improvements”).

Without this clarification, it is unclear how improvements to the land itself factor into a calculation of substantial improvement, given that the adjusted basis in the example outlined in Rev. Rule 2018-29 pertains only to improvements to a building. While Rev. Rule 20 18-29 indicates that the cost of the land on which the building is located is not included in the adjusted basis for the substantial improvement calculation, it is unclear what the calculation would be on a brownfields project for which the primary or sole improvements are improvements to the land itself, when vertical development expected later.

Environmental assessment and remediation activities can make a property ready for redevelopment where it would otherwise be unsafe for reuse due to the presence or potential presence of environmental contamination. Unless the land is assessed, remediated to appropriate contaminant levels and exposures controlled (based on reuse of the property), any building and business investment will not occur on the property.

The following environmental assessment and remediation activities commonly occur at brownfield properties because they are necessary to enable safe reuse:

  • Removing underground storage tanks when excavating for basement or parking
  • Environmental site assessments (Phase I/II) to investigate potential contamination for due diligence purposes and admission into a state or tribal voluntary cleanup program
  • Contamination cleanup of soil and groundwater on site
  • Engineering controls/barriers that prevent exposure of environmental contamination
  • Abating asbestos or lead paint when rehabilitating an existing building

Example: A developer purchases Property X, which is located in a QOZ, for $1 million. Property X consists of a building previously used as a factory erected prior to 20 18 and land on which the factory building is located. Sixty percent ($600k) of the $1 million purchase price for Property X is attributable to the value of the land and forty percent ($400k) is attributable to the value of the building. QOF A intends to convert the factory building to residential rental property. The transformation will require $800k in environmental remediation costs. Within 29 months after the date of QOF A’s acquisition of Property X, QOF A invests $800k in remediating the property and $500k in additions to the building. Clarification is necessary to ensure that the expenses associated with remediating the land will count toward the substantial improvement calculation. The same is true for a similar scenario common at complex brownfield sites in which at the close of the 30-month period the only expenditures have been for remediation of the land.

  1. Gains from QOF Investment in Brownfield Improvements to Land Should Be Permitted to be Carried Over into Other QOZ Investments:EPA’s Brownfields and Land Revitalization Program requests that the IRS enable gains realized from the sale or exchange of QOZ Property to be deferred if they are reinvested in replacement QOZ Property within a 12-month period beginning on the date of the sale or exchange, with the QOF’s basis in the replacement Property being equal to the QOF’s basis in the QOZ Property at the time it was sold or exchanged. This carryover basis will preserve any gains not recognized in the event that a subsequent sale is not followed by the reinvestment in replacement QOZ Property within a 12-month period.

Clarification on this issue is particularly pertinent to facilitating the ability for QOZ Businesses to remediate brownfields properties with QOF funds to sell to a vertical developer and still access the benefits of the step-up in basis. Without this clarification, using QOF funding for brownfields remediation and property improvement as the primary business activity might require the owners of the site to sit on the site for the duration of the ten years after remediation is complete in order to access the benefits of the Opportunity Zone incentive.

Example: On January 1, 2019, T, a calendar-year taxpayer, invested $1 million of gain in B, an QOF partnership dedicated to brownfields cleanup that remediates properties to sell for future vertical development by other parties. B immediately makes a $1 million investment in remediation and land improvements to a brownfields site that qualifies as QOZ Property. On January 1, 2023 (after four years), B sells the remediated QOZ Property to a vertical developer for $1.5 million and reinvests all of the proceeds in replacement QOZ Property within 12 months. Clarification is necessary that if the entire $1.5 million from the sale of QOZ Property is reinvested into replacement QOZ Property: 1) the deferral and reduction in basis timeclocks on the original $1 million investment would not reset, and 2) the 10-year timeclock on would not reset for the $500,000 in gain.

  1. Allow QOF Investments to be Stacked for Brownfield Properties that Require Remediation: EPA’s OBLR requests that the IRS clarify that the 30-month window to demonstrate substantial improvement to the land via remediation and other site preparation activities is a separate 30-month window from follow-on vertical development.

Brownfields remediation and redevelopment often includes separate land improvement (horizontal development) and vertical development phases, and investors face regulatory risk of effectuating cleanup which enables the property to be financed. These factors make the substantial improvement 30-month window extremely difficult time frame in which to complete a redevelopment which involves remediation of environmental contamination.

Large redevelopment projects such as auto manufacturing site or former hospitals may require extensive demolition of existing buildings, excavation, cleanup and grading as early site preparations for the construction of the new structure. It is common to spend several years on existing structural demolition, earthmoving, and environmental cleanup on large sites, which almost guarantees that the finished building will not be completely operational by the end of the 30-month period for substantial improvement. Many “ground up” construction projects in cold weather climates will also face greater challenges in achieving occupancy within 30 months and will likely be a work in progress. Clarity is needed so that significant — and transformative — redevelopment projects can be pursued.

Thank you for considering our requests for clarifications. The clarifications we are requesting will give Opportunity Fund investors confidence that QOF investments can be used to assess, remediate, and redevelop brownfields properties located in QOZs. Subsequently, these clarifications may lead to the economic revitalization of many of our nation’s disadvantaged communities. Should you want to discuss our comments and requests for clarification, please feel free to contact me at 202-566-2774 or Overmeyer.patricia@epa.gov.

Sincerely,

Patricia Overmeyer
Deputy Director
Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

 

1See H.R. Rept. 115-466, 537, which describes the intent to attract an influx of capital to designated low-income communities with impacts and outcomes in those areas including job creation, poverty reduction, and other metrics.

 

Learn More:

 

 

 

Posted by Diane Samuels at 6:05 am
Tag Archives: brownfields

ABA SEER 48th Spring Conference

March 27, 2019

Meet SCS Engineers Senior Vice President of Environmental Services, Mike McLaughlin, at the ABA Section on Environment, Energy and Resources 48th Spring Conference, March 27-29, 2019, in Denver, CO.

Some of the topics of this year’s conference will include water law, brownfields, public service, fracking, enforcement, grid resiliency, PFAS, mineral exploration, and much more, even the environmental implications of the new cannabis industry.

Posted by Laura Dorn at 8:00 am
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